Ampère, André-Marie

(1775-1836)
   scientist, mathematician
   Born near lyon, the son of a city official, André-Marie Ampère became interested in mathematics at an early age. He is best known for his important contributions to the study of electrodynamics, the "ampere"—the unit of electrical current—being named after him. His electrodynamic theory and his views on the relationship between electricity and magnetism were published in his Recueil d'observations électrodynamiques (1822) and in his Mémoire sur la théorie des phénomènes électrodynamiques, uniquement déduits de l'expérience (1827). Ampère also invented the astatic needle, which made possible the modern astatic galvanometer, and the electric telegraph, and he was the first to show that parallel conductors carrying currents that travel in the same direction will attract each other, while, traveling in opposite directions, they will repel each other. André-Marie Ampère was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1814.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Ampère, André-Marie — ▪ French physicist Introduction born Jan. 22, 1775, Lyon, France died June 10, 1836, Marseille  French physicist who founded and named the science of electrodynamics, now known as electromagnetism. His name endures in everyday life in the ampere …   Universalium

  • Ampère , André Marie — (1775–1836) French physicist and mathematician Ampère was born in Lyons, France, where his father was a wealthy merchant. He was privately tutored, and to a large extent self taught. His genius was evident at an early age. He was particularly… …   Scientists

  • Ampère, André-Marie — SUBJECT AREA: Electricity [br] b. 22 Jan 1775 Lyon, France d. 10 June 1836 Marseille, France [br] French physicist and mathematician who established laws and principles relating magnetism and electricity to each other. [br] Ampère was reputed to… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Ampère, André Marie — born Jan. 22, 1775, Lyon, France died June 10, 1836, Marseille French physicist, founder of the science of electromagnetism. A prodigy who mastered the entire known field of mathematics by age 12, he became a professor of physics, chemistry, and… …   Universalium

  • Ampère, André Marie — (22 ene. 1775, Lyon, Francia–10 jun. 1836, Marsella). Físico francés, fundador de la ciencia del electromagnetismo. Niño prodigio, a los 12 años de edad ya dominaba todo el campo conocido de la matemática. Fue profesor de física, química y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ampère, André Marie —  (1775–1836) French physicist. The unit of electricity named after him is ampere (no cap., no accent) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Ampère, André-Marie — ► (1775 1836) Físico y matemático francés. Fue profesor en la Escuela Politécnica de París En 1802 publicó un estudio científico sobre la teoría del juego. Descubrió las leyes que rigen la desviación producida en una aguja magnética por una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • AMPÈRE`, ANDRÉ MARIE —    a French mathematician and physicist, born at Lyons; distinguished for his discoveries in electro dynamics and magnetism, and the influence of these on electro telegraphy and the general extension of science (1775 1836) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • André-Marie Ampère — (* 20. Januar 1775 in Lyon, Frankreich; † 10. Juni 1836 in Marseille) war ein französischer Physiker und Mathematiker. Nach ihm ist die internationale Einheit der Stromstärke Ampere benannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andre Marie Ampere — André Marie Ampère André Marie Ampère (* 20. Januar 1775 in Poleymieux au Mont d Or bei Lyon, Frankreich; † 10. Juni 1836 in Marseille) war ein französischer Physiker und Mathematiker. Nach ihm ist die internationale Einheit der Stromstärke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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